Today in history: Death of Samora Machel

History Review Writer

Today, October 19, was the 37th anniversary of the death of Samora Moises Machel, Mozambique’s first president and leader of the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo). He was 55, when he died in a plane crash blamed on apartheid South Africa.

Machel became the first president of Mozambique at independence on 25 June 1975, and his government accommodated liberation fighters from South Africa and Zimbabwe who were still battling to overthrow the apartheid and Rhodesian regimes.

Machel and 34 others, including some of his closest aides and advisors, died when the presidential plane, returning from a summit in Zambia, crashed at Mbuzini in South Africa on 19 October 1986.

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