𝘽𝙍𝙀𝘼𝙆𝙄𝙉𝙂 𝙉𝙀𝙒𝙎: 𝘽𝙤𝙣𝙮𝙤𝙣𝙜𝙬𝙚 𝙧𝙚𝙢𝙤𝙫𝙚𝙙 𝙛𝙧𝙤𝙢 𝙐𝙎 𝙨𝙖𝙣𝙘𝙩𝙞𝙤𝙣𝙨

Political Review Writer
Former CIO boss, Happyton Bonyongwe (63) has been removed from the United States’ list of Specially Designated Nationals (SDN).

The removal of #Bonyongwe, a once-feared securocrat and former Justice Minister under Robert Mugabe, was confirmed in an updated list this Thursday, Nov 30. He was also removed from European Union sanctions in 2019.


SDNs are individuals and entities located throughout the world that are blocked pursuant to the various sanctions programmes administered by the US Office of Foreign Assets Control (Ofac). SDNs can be front companies, parastatal entities, or individuals determined to be owned or controlled by, or acting for or on behalf of, targeted countries or groups.


The US maintains a sanctions programme on Zimbabwe, that includes blacklisting of Government and ruling party-linked individuals and companies, which the US claims are responsible for human rights abuses. Harare contends that the sanctions are meant to cripple the governing party and administration to aid regime change.


The US has progressively updated lists of blacklisted peoples often removing the dead or those that are no longer influential in Government. Bonyongwe was Justice and Parliamentary Affairs Minister for slightly over a month, before the November 2017 coup that swept away Mugabe, paving way for President Mnangagwa.


The US State Department says regarding Zimbabwe sanctions: “Sanctions are not intended to be permanent but to incentivize changes in behavior.  Each removal is based on a thorough review and is part of an ongoing effort to keep the sanctions program current, focused, and relevant.”

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